The waning hours of the 2019 New York State legislative session saw both houses pass an extraordinary piece of legislation. The Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act (“Act”) requires the State to achieve a carbon-free electricity system by 2040 and reduce greenhouse gas emissions 85% below 1990 levels by 2050. The Act creates and empowers a council to determine how the State will achieve these goals. It is anticipated that the Act will also drive investment and a number of clean energy solutions, as well as target investments to benefit disadvantaged communities. The Act will also clearly impact existing energy consumers, including large industrial users. The Act was signed into law by Governor Cuomo on July 18, 2019. The new law is likely to profoundly impact and transform New York’s economy over the coming 50 years.